Contra Hamburger and Banfield, however, it is no less true that the majority of heterodiegetic fictions also contain elements that are best described as simulations of factual narrative statements (Schaeffer 1999: 61–132). On the contrary, during most of its long history, “fiction,” stemming from the second sense of the Latin meaning, was used in reference to serious ways of pretending, postulating, or hypothesizing. On the latter, cf. Superficially, this may seem to be a situation which resembles that of narrative fiction, but in fact, a narrative fiction cannot be a thought experiment in the technical sense. For example, in myth and its corresponding reality, people can be endowed with powers nobody would imagine them having in everyday life. The problem of the inferences we draw from the fictional world to the world in which we live is still very poorly understood, partly because these inferences are difficult to document by non-introspective methodologies. Hoffman, Michael J. Fact is defined as a piece of information about a circumstance that existed or events that have occurred. The conditions for satisfying the criteria of fictional narrative are pragmatic: the truth claims a text would make if it (the same text, from the syntactic point of view) were a factual text (be these claims true or false) must be bracketed out. This is true also for the intention of fictionality: as shown by Koselleck (1979), the intention to create a factual or a fictional text has to be communicated by signals to be effective. Other mixed situations are even more difficult to handle. 15The semantic definition of the distinction between factual and fictional narrative is the most classical one. Narration is conveyed by a narrator: a specific person or unspecified literary voice, developed by the creator of the story, to deliver information to the audience, particularly about the plot (the series of events). Hence the term has usually been linked to questions of existence and non-existence, true and false belief, error and lie. Finally, as far as myth is concerned, it is clearly considered a type of factual discourse: people adhere to it as serious discourse referring to something real (this is also the case of the Bible; see Sternberg 1985, 1990). The article addresses the inference of fictional truth in unreli-able narrations (part 2) against the background of what it generally means to ex-plore fictional worlds and to infer fictional truth (part 1). On the contrary, during most of its long history, “fiction,” stemming from the second sense of the Latin meaning, was used in reference to serious ways of pretending, postulating, or hypothesizing. Fiction definition, the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, especially in prose form. In 1875, on the second day after Ko Ae-shin’s birth in Japan, a plot by Korea’s Righteous Army to assassinate the pro-Japanese collaborator Lee Wan-ik fails. The Aristotelian conception must be distinguished from “possible worlds” theories of fiction (Pavel 1986; Ryan 1991; Ronen 1994; Doležel 1998, 1999), inspired by the possible worlds logics of Kripke (1963, 1980) or Lewis (1973, 1978). This situation is of course impossible in real-life communication, where each point of view is tied to a specific person. At the same time, they are not random, but on the contrary structurally coherent and functionally pertinent. If such were the case, and if these linguistic anomalies were to be read as a co-optation of language by fictional simulation, this would imply that at some deep level the immersion induced by verbal narrative is never only propositional, but also phenomenological and imaginative. 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