In the western U.S., carbon dioxide emissions over a 15-year period were 100 megatons higher than they normally would have been, according to a 2018 study, as utilities turned to coal and gas to replace hydropower lost to drought. Corporations are making a difference too, purchasing record amounts of renewable power in 2018. The mass production of electricity using renewable energy sources is now becoming more common. For the past 150 years or so, humans have relied heavily on coal, oil, and other fossil fuels to power everything from light bulbs to cars to factories. This page has been accessed 430,776 times. used in transport by 2020. Wonder whether your state could ever be powered by 100 percent renewables? The Renewable Energy Directive sets rules for the EU to achieve its 20% renewables target by 2020. For this reason, the time period that fossil fuels formed (about 360-300 million years ago) is called the Carboniferous Period. Global warming is one symptom of climate change, the term scientists now prefer to describe the complex shifts affecting our planetâs weather and climate systems. From solar to wind, find out more about alternative energy, the fastest-growing source of energy in the worldâand how we can use it to combat climate change. By contrast, still quite far from their national targets are France (5.8 pp), the Netherlands (5.2 pp), as well as Ireland and Luxembourg (both 4.0 pp). Among the EU-27 Member States, the share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption ranged from highs of 30.3 % in Sweden, 21.3 % in Finland and 12.5 % in the Netherlands down to 4 % or less in Greece and Lithuania (both 4.0 %) and Cyprus (3.3 %). This article presents the results applying these accounting rules. The share of renewables in gross final energy consumption stood at 19.7 % in the EU-27 in 2019, compared with 9.6 % in 2004. Full article. Strictly speaking, renewable energy is just what you might think: perpetually available, or as the U.S. Energy Information Administration puts it, "virtually inexhaustible." What are solar cells, and how do they work? The statistics presented in this article are based on data compiled in accordance with accounting rules set down in the Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources and calculated on the basis of energy statistics covered by Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics, most recently amended in November 2019 by Regulation (EU) No 2019/2146. The share of energy from renewable sources in heating and cooling is presented in Figure 3. The Green Deal is an integral part of the Commission’s strategy to implement the United Nation’s 2030 Agenda and the sustainable development goals, and the other priorities announced in President von der Leyen’s political guidelines. Renewable energy comes from renewable resources. All calculations take into account specific provisions as in place in Directive 2009/28/EC following its amendment by Directive (EU) 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 amending Directive 98/70/EC relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. While the share of renewable energy as a whole is increasing since 2004, between 2010 and 2011 its share in transport decreased. This will greatly contribute to the Commission's political priority as expressed by President Juncker in 2014 for the European Union to become the world number one in renewables. Prepare yourself for our top 10 must-know renewable energy facts... 1. As a consequence of the Renewable Energy Directive, countries are monitoring much closer the flows of renewable energy commodities in their economies. The EU seeks to have a 20 % share of its gross final energy consumption from renewable sources by 2020; this target is distributed between the EU Member States with national action plans designed to plot a pathway for the development of renewable energies in each of the Member States. On a smaller scale, some buildings have geothermal heat pumps that use temperature differences several feet below ground for heating and cooling. This will allow Europe to keep its leadership role in the fight against climate change, in the clean energy transition and in meeting the goals set by the Paris Agreement. Drought can also cause problems. Renewable energy directive. In January 2014, the European Commission put forward a set of energy and climate goals for 2030 with the aim of encouraging private investment in infrastructure and low-carbon technologies. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- In the decade from 2007 and 2017 the world's total installed energy capacity from photovoltaic panels increased a whopping 4,300 percent. The growth of renewable energy sources may also stimulate employment in the EU, through the creation of jobs in new ‘green’ technologies. Geothermal: Used for thousands of years in some countries for cooking and heating, geothermal energy is derived from the Earthâs internal heat. Meanwhile, scientists and companies are working on ways to more efficiently convert corn stover, wastewater sludge, and other biomass sources into energy, aiming to extract value from material that would otherwise go to waste. While most wind power comes from onshore turbines, offshore projects are appearing too, with the most in the U.K. and Germany. The most common renewable sources are water and biomass. When looking at the national targets, fourteen Member States have already surpassed their targets for 2020. If you haven’t heard about hydrogen and … Six countries are near their targets: Hungary, Austria and Portugal at 0.4 percentage points (pp) from their national targets, Germany (0.6 pp), Malta (1.5 pp) and Spain (1.6 pp). Renewable Energy covers research in the following areas: Biomass Conversion Unlike solar and wind energy, geothermal energy is always available, but it has side effects that need to be managed, such as the rotten egg smell that can accompany released hydrogen sulfide. National renewable energy action plans 2020. In 2019, renewable energy provided about 11.5 quadrillion British thermal units (Btu)—1 quadrillion is the number 1 followed by 15 zeros—equal to 11.4% of total U.S. energy consumption. Solar power is the fastest-growing source: in 2008, it accounted for 1 %. One of the key targets proposed is for the share of renewable energy to reach at least 27 % by 2030. It is designed in such a way as to leave no individual or region behind in the great transformation ahead. Aerothermal, geothermal and hydrothermal heat energy captured by heat pumps for heating purposes is taken into account. China, Japan, and the U.S. are leading the solar transformation, but solar still has a long way to go, accounting for around two percent of the total electricity generated in the U.S. in 2017. Wind energy is made when the wind moves the … The remaining one-third of electricity generated was from solar power (13 %), solid biofuels (8 %) and other renewable sources (9 %). 33 Around 850 utilities in the U.S. offer consumers the option to purchase renewable energy, or “green power.” 34 The growth in electricity generated from renewable energy sources during the period 2009 to 2019 largely reflects an expansion in three renewable energy sources across the EU, principally wind power, but also solar power and solid biofuels (including renewable wastes). Worldwide biofuel production has increased,Â with the main source being corn-based ethanol. The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) produces comprehensive, reliable data sets on renewable energy capacity and use worldwide. Types of renewable energy sources Hydropower: For centuries, people have harnessed the energy of river currents, using dams to control water flow. Share of renewable energy more than doubled between 2004 and 2019, Wind and water provide most renewable electricity; solar is the fastest-growing energy source, Over one fifth of energy used for heating and cooling from renewable sources, 8.9% of renewable energy used in transport activities in 2019, Renewable energy: a major player in the European energy market, Roadmap for moving to a competitive low-carbon economy in 2050, sustainability of solid and gaseous biofuels used for electricity, heating and cooling, Calculation methodologies for the share of renewables in energy consumption, Electricity production, consumption and market overview, Shedding light on energy in the EU - A guided tour of energy statistics (2020 edition), Energy, transport and environment statistics (2020 edition), Sustainable development in the European Union — Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context (2020 edition), Share of energy from renewable sources (nrg_ind_ren), European Commission — Directorate-General for Energy — Renewable energy, International Energy Agency (IEA) — Renewable energy, Concerted Action on Renewable Energy Sources Directive, https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=Renewable_energy_statistics&oldid=512147. Hydropower is the world's biggest source of renewable energy by far, with China, Brazil, Canada, the U.S., and Russia the leading hydropower producers. The share of energy from renewable sources used in transport activities in the EU-27 reached 8.9 % in 2019. For more detailed definition, please see SHARES tool manual. Industry and energy together account for 20% of water demand. But they’re growing quickly and can play a key role in tackling climate change. List item. Energy Basics. This means that the growth in electricity from solar power has been dramatic, rising from just 7.4 TWh in 2008 to 125.7 TWh in 2019. To a certain extent, yes. It was decided that for the years 2004-2010 all biofuels and bioliquids would be counted towards the numerator of the share of energy from renewable sources. One of them centers on the definition of renewable energy. From 2001 to 2017, cumulative wind capacity around the world increased to more than 539,000 megawatts from 23,900 mwâmore than 22 fold. Renewable Energy is no longer a niche sector of novel technologies, and we have now implemented renewable energy to a scale where it is expected to provide 50% of global power in the next few decades. They are made by burning fossil fuels to create energy. October 4, 2017. Progress reports. To improve accuracy and consistency with national statistics in calculating renewable energy shares, national calorific values were used, where available, for converting quantities of all energy products into energy units, instead of the default calorific values. Biomass: Biomass energy includes biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel, wood and wood waste, biogas from landfills, and municipal solid waste. The latest data for 2005 shows a small variation with respect to data available during the preparation and adoption of the Directive in 2007-2008. The EFTA country Norway also reported a high share of renewable energy in transport fuel consumption (27.6 %), see Figure 4. See all of our videos about renewable energy here. EU countries' plans for meeting their 2020 renewable energy obligations. All of those factors have contributed to a renewable energy renaissance in recent years, with wind and solar setting new records for electricity generation. All fossil fuels formed in a similar way. Only reported compliant biofuels and bioliquids are counted towards the respective shares of renewables. Due to Covid-19, there are currently restrictions on travels to and from Sweden. Share of renewable energy more than … At the origin of these initiatives is the 2020 climate and energy package adopted in December 2008, which provided a further stimulus for increasing the use of renewable energy sources to 20 % of total energy consumption by 2020, while calling for energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions to both be cut by 20 %. It is different from fossil fuels as it does not produce as many greenhouse gases and other pollutants as fossil fuel combustion.. People have used traditional wind power, hydropower, biofuel, and solar energy for many centuries, all around the world. #1: Renewable energy is a form of clean energy that is provided by natural sources present in nature. In 2019, renewable energy accounted for 22.1 % of total energy use for heating and cooling in the EU-27, increasing from 11.7 % in 2004. The first U.S. offshore wind farm opened in 2016 in Rhode Island, and other offshore projects are gaining momentum. This article provides recent statistics on the share of energy from renewable sources overall and in three consumption sectors (electricity, heating and cooling, and transport) in the European Union (EU). All energy sources have some impact on our environment. As some countries have not yet fully implemented all provisions of the Renewable Energy Directive, some biofuels and bioliquids are not counted as compliant (sustainable) in the period 2011-2015. All rights reserved. Categories Alternative Energy (205) The numbers are aggregated for each country and technology, based on the project level information. The accounting rules in Directive 2009/28/EC prescribe that electricity generated by hydro power and wind power have to be normalised to account for annual weather variations (hydro is normalised over the last 15 years and wind over the last 5 years). The Public Renewable Energy Finance Flows shown in these tables present an overview of investment transactions for renewable energies from selected public financial institutions. The total final consumption for heating and cooling is the final consumption of all energy commodities, except electricity, for purposes other than transport, plus the consumption of heat for own use at electricity and heat plants and heat losses in networks. Data are available for all EU Member States, as well as the United Kingdom, Iceland, Norway, Montenegro, Serbia, Albania and Kosovo*. Scopri Renewable Energy - The Facts di Witzel, Walter, Seifried, Dieter: spedizione gratuita per i clienti Prime e per ordini a partire da 29€ spediti da Amazon. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! "Everything from Solar Panels & Wind Turbines down to Wire & Fuse!" Clean energy has far more to recommend it than just being "green." This page was last modified on 19 January 2021, at 10:36. While the EU as a whole is on course to meet its 2020 targets, some Member States will need to make additional efforts to meet their obligations as regards the two main targets: the overall share of energy from renewable sources in the gross final energy consumption (see Figure 1) and the specific share of energy from renewable sources in transport (which is dealt with further on in this article, see Figure 4 and Table 4). Renewables, including solar, wind, hydro, biofuels and others, are at the centre of the transition to a less carbon-intensive and more sustainable energy system. Renewable energy is providing affordable electricity across the country right now, and can help stabilize energy prices in the future. An important aspect to take into account when interpreting data is statistical revisions. The Renewable Energy Directive 2009/28/EC stipulates that only biofuels and bioliquids that fulfil sustainability criteria should be counted for the targets. You are here. Wind: Harnessing the wind as a source of energy started more than 7,000 years ago. 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. Home » 5 Fast Facts about Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/energy/reference/renewable-energy.html, setting new records for electricity generation, average temperatures on the surface are rising. At the opposite end of the scale, the lowest proportions of renewables were registered in Luxembourg (7.0 %), Malta (8.5 %), the Netherlands (8.8 %) and Belgium (9.9 %). The Communication proposes five dimensions for the strategy, one of which is decarbonising the economy. Consumption for pipeline transport was included in gross final consumption of energy, in line with the sectoral classification of the Energy Statistics Regulation. At the other end of the scale, the share of electricity from renewable sources was 10 % or less in Malta (8 %), Cyprus, Luxembourg and Hungary (all 10 %), see Table 2. The EU agreed to set a common target of 10 % for the share of renewable energy (including liquid biofuels, hydrogen, biomethane, ‘green’ electricity, etc.) But "renewable" doesn't necessarily mean sustainable, as opponents of corn-based ethanol or large hydropower dams often argue. Like solar power, biomass is a flexible energy source, able to fuel vehicles, heat buildings, and produce electricity. Carbon is the main element in fossil fuels. Marine energy projects currently generate an estimated 500 megawatts of powerâless than one percent of all renewablesâbut the potential is far greater. Renewable energy in Germany is mainly based on wind, solar and biomass. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244/1999 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo declaration of independence. In general, data are complete, recent and reliably comparable across countries. The Hidden Costs of Turning Food Into Fuel. Critics of corn-based ethanol, for example, say it competes with the food market for corn and supports the same harmful agricultural practices that have led to toxic algae blooms and other environmental hazards. That vision is laid out here, and while his analysis is not without critics, it punctuates a reality with which the world must now reckon. The term often also encompasses biomass as well, whose carbon neutral status is under debate. Data for 2011 onwards: Compliance with Article 17 (Sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids) has to be assessed with respect to Article 18 (Verification of compliance with the sustainability criteria for biofuels and bioliquids). Some people may object to how wind turbines look on the horizon and to how they sound, but wind energy, whose prices are declining, is proving too valuable a resource to deny. Renewable energy is useful energy that is collected from renewable resources, which are naturally replenished on a human timescale, including carbon neutral sources like sunlight, wind, rain, tides, waves, and geothermal heat. In this video some interesting facts regarding Renewable Energy have been revealed. Becoming the world’s first climate-neutral continent by 2050 is the greatest challenge and opportunity of our times. Climate change encompasses not only rising average temperatures but also extreme weather events, shifting wildlife populations and habitats, rising seas, and a range of other impacts. On a large scale, underground reservoirs of steam and hot water can be tapped through wells that can go a mile deep or more to generate electricity. Given the 15-year normalisation requirement for hydro power production and the availability of energy statistics (for the EU, starting from 1990), long time series of this indicator are not available. The growing sector creates jobs, makes electric grids more resilient, expands energy access in developing countries, and helps lower energy bills. There are many benefits to using renewable energy resources, but what is it exactly? Fossil fuels are embedded in nearly everything we do, and as a result, the greenhouse gases released from the burning of those fuels have reached historically high levels. Solar: From home rooftops to utility-scale farms, solar power is reshaping energy markets around the world. Cities, states, and federal governments around the world are instituting policies aimed at increasing renewable energy. The European Commission has set out several energy strategies for a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. List item. From that year onwards, the calculation of the share of energy from renewable sources will follow the accounting rules set down in Directive 2018/2001/EU on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Renewable energy includes solar, hydro and wind energy. While hydropower is theoretically a clean energy source replenished by rain and snow, it also has several drawbacks. There are various forms of renewable energy, deriving directly or indirectly from the sun, or from heat generated deep within the earth. Close. But a look at ... tells a different tale. The values in these years are not used for any measurement of legislative compliance with the indicative trajectory defined in part B of Annex I of the Directive. Now, electricity-generating wind turbines are proliferating around the globe, and China, the U.S., and Germany are the leading wind energy producers. That's because renewable energy sources such as solar and wind don't emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming. Dams aren't the only way to use water for power: Tidal and wave energy projects around the world aim to capture the ocean's natural rhythms. This positive development has been prompted by the legally binding targets for increasing the share of energy from renewable sources enacted by Directive 2009/28/EC on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. As part of the Green Deal, the Commission will refocus the European Semester process of macroeconomic coordination to integrate the United Nations’ sustainable development goals, to put sustainability and the well-being of citizens at the centre of economic policy, and the sustainable development goals at the heart of the EU’s policymaking and action. This includes hydro power plants (excluding hydro power electricity produced from pumped storage plants using water previously pumped uphill), as well as electricity generated from solid biofuels/wastes, wind, solar and geothermal installations. 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