An archipelago of 7,107 islands, it has 100.98 million people2 and is characterized by: • High numbers of children: in 2010, almost 40% of the population was under 183 Article  <> Google Scholar. Twenty years of non-communicable diseases (NCD) prevention and control in the Philippines (1986–2006). 2011;73(10):1477–89. Poverty and disability: A survey of the literature. Andrich D. A Rating formulation for ordered response categories. Google Scholar. Philippines Statistics Authority. Privacy Some men declined to participate when they became aware that the survey related to disability, as issues related to household health, including disability, were perceived to be the responsibility of women. MM performed the analysis, interpretation of results and drafting the initial version of the manuscript. endobj Article  In todays society people with disablities have to overcome many obstacles in their lives that their disability brings them in which they ( … As part of the participatory research process of W-DARE, findings have been disseminated to relevant government and non-government stakeholders in Quezon City and Ligao City emphasizing the importance of including people with disabilities in their policies and programs. Persons with disability were more likely to be in the ages 5 to 19 years and 45 to 64 years. We would like to particularly thank Sally Baker for her support with training of the fieldwork team; Mona Pindog, Raquel Ignacio, and Judith Marbella and data collectors who undertook fieldwork in often difficult conditions in some of the communities; and the data entry staff and translators of the questionnaires. endobj (Begin the abstract here, typewritten and double-spaced. Although the RAD survey focused only on psychological distress related to anxiety and depression, findings from this survey highlight that a large proportion of people with other types of disability experience psychological distress. Washington, DC: World Bank; 1999. Statistical analyses were performed using PASW Statistics 18 (PASW Statistics for Windows, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). Quisumbing AR, McNiven S. Migration and the Rural–urban Continuum: Evidence from the Rural Philippines. The households were then divided into quintiles, with the first quintile representing the poorest in the sample, and the fifth quintile representing the wealthiest. Although this survey had a good response rate, the majority of non-responders, particularly in Quezon City, were men either because they were away for work or because they did not want to participate in the survey. International recognition that people with disabilities were excluded from the Millennium Development Goals has led to better inclusion of people with disabilities in the recently agreed Global Goals for Sustainable Development (SDGs) 2015–2030. People with disabilities were significantly less likely to have schooling compared to people without disability. Filmer D. Disability, poverty, and schooling in developing countries: results from 14 household surveys. PubMed  People with disabilities also experienced statistically significant participation restrictions in social activities, community meetings, and religious activities compared to matched controls. In Quezon City, a total of 2,610 people were enumerated, of whom 2,139 (82.0 %) participated in the survey and 471 (18.0 %) were either unavailable or declined to participate in the study. 2010). Thesis statement on learning disabilities: definition. Therefore, in addition to responding to the psychological distress experienced by people with disabilities, it is important to address factors that contribute to their poor mental health when planning interventions. In Ligao City, seeing (4.9, 95 % CI: 3.4, 6.9), concentrating (4.2, 95 % CI: 2.8, 6.1), and remembering (3.7 %, 95 % CI: 2.5, 5.5) were the most commonly reported functional limitations. This means that the subject in question will have difficulties to develop daily and ordinary tasks that, to the rest of the individuals, they are not complicated. MM, AD, JZ, MJM and CV contributed to the design of the study. The Philippines The Philippines is an archipelago consisting of 7,100 islands in the Southeast Asia in the western Pacific Ocean. 9 0 obj As demonstrated in the previous RAD survey in Bangladesh, prevalence estimates with RAD are comparable to the WG short set questions that are most widely used in Censuses. There is a need for promoting counseling services and other support programs for people with psychosocial disability but also for those with other types of disability. Trani JF, Loeb M. Poverty and disability: a vicious circle? Within the selected segment, the survey team visited all households door-to-door, until 50 people aged 18 years and older were recruited. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of disability and compare the well-being and access to the community between people with and without disabilities. Psychological distress was the most commonly reported difficulty for participants aged between 18 and 54 years in Quezon City and among the age groups 18 and 34 years, and 55 years and over in Ligao City. People with and without disability were recruited as data collectors and were trained for a week on disability inclusion, study design, recruitment of participants, administration of the RAD questionnaire, ethics in research, collecting survey data, data storage, and referral mechanisms for participants. Our analysis highlights that psychological distress is common among people with disabilities. However, learners are in this study constrict to children at primary school. Having a disability and negative family attitudes were reported as barriers for people with disabilities participating in work, community meetings, religious activities, and social activities. Comparing participation of people with disabilities with their age- and sex-matched controls is also important to inform future policies and programs in the study sites. Philippines 1003 Telephone No. Excluding psychological distress, the most commonly reported difficulties with functioning were difficulty using hands and fingers (2.1, 95 % CI: 1.5, 2.7), remembering (2.0, 95 % CI: 1.5, 2.7), and concentrating (1.8 %, 95 % CI: 1.3, 2.5) in Quezon City. GA was involved in the supervision of the fieldwork, data entry and data analysis. The prevalence of disability among adults in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City is higher than the estimated national prevalence of disability derived from the 2010 Philippines census. $j�i)WU�m��4%j�~ endobj Common learning disabilities: (1) Dyslexia – a language-based disability in which a person has trouble understanding written words. 11 0 obj The self-assessment of functioning section includes items related to functioning in eight domains: vision, hearing, communication, mobility, gross and fine motor, cognitive, appearance, and psychological distress. A cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted in District 2 in Quezon City (a densely populated, urban district) and in Ligao City, Albay (a predominantly rural district) in the Philippines between December 2013 and January 2014. Ethics approvals were obtained from the University of Melbourne Human Research Ethics Committee, Australia (ethics ID 1339640) and the De La Salle University Ethics Committee, Philippines. Downloadable! This study has also generated considerable context-specific data, which the W-DARE project have used to inform the design of interventions to increase access to specific domains of community life for people with disabilities in Quezon City and Ligao City. Table 1 summarizes the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the sample from the two locations. Field supervisors and data collectors were recruited based on their skills and previous experience. People with disabilities face all forms of discrimination and exclusion from the social, cultural, political, and economic life of their communities [1]. There is growing recognition of the need for disability-disaggregated data to increase understanding of the prevalence of disability and, equally importantly from a development programming perspective, to support the design, implementation, and monitoring of effective, inclusive development programs [1]. People with disabilities had significantly lower well-being scores and reduced access to health services, work, rehabilitation, education, government social welfare, and disaster management than people without disability. <> The World Bank Economic Review. Disabil Rehabil. Age was grouped into five categories (18–24, 25–34, 35–44, 45–55, and 55 years and over), and education into four categories (no schooling, elementary, high school, and college/technical). Each domain has three items. The prevalence of disability among adults in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City is higher than the estimated national prevalence of disability derived from the 2010 Philippines census. If you want to learn more about the senior citizen benefits and person with disability privileges in the Philippines, you can check out the following links: Senior Citizens • Republic Act No. statement and The 2010 Census of Population and Housing estimated the disability prevalence at 1.6 % [10] using questions based on the short set of the Washington Group on Disability Statistics (WG) questionnaire [18]. The Philippines is an emerging market economy and one of the world’s most populated countries with a population of 92.3 million people [7]. Deafblind Support Philippines . This finding is in contradiction with the current understanding of the relationship between poverty and disability [1, 3, 23, 24]. UN DESA. Given the current global agenda for disability inclusion, it is crucial to increase the understanding of the situation of people with disabilities in the Philippines. 2011;11 Suppl 4:S4. In the Philippines, alcohol plays a large role in criminal activities and violence. Trani J-F, Browne J, Kett M, Bah O, Morlai T, Bailey N, et al. The RAD questionnaire [15] is interviewer-administered and has two parts: a household questionnaire administered to the head of the household and an individual questionnaire administered to each individual in the household. endobj 8 0 obj Human Development Report 2014 - Sustaining Human Progress: Reducing Vulnerabilities and Building Resilience. Non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes are on the rise and are a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the Philippines [9]. Information on barriers to accessing the community was also collected. In this survey, the sample from Quezon City was younger and had higher levels of education compared to the sample in Ligao City. endobj Disability is also associated with reduced participation across a number of domains of community life. The respondents were asked “Does ___ have any difficulty/problem in seeing, hearing, walking, remembering, self-care, and communication?” However, the respondents were asked to rate difficulty of functioning in the different domains on a dichotomous scale (yes/no) [10], which has been demonstrated to underestimate disability prevalence and may in fact correspond only to the prevalence of severe disability [19]. The clusters were selected with probability‐proportionate to size, separately for District 2 of Quezon City and Ligao City, using the updated data from the 2010 Census of Population and Housing [7] as the sampling frame. This paper outlines the quantitative findings from this survey that aimed to (1) determine the prevalence of disability and its socioeconomic correlates in people aged 18 years and above in District 2 of Quezon City and in Ligao City; and (2) compare well-being and participation of people with disabilities in their community to those without disability in the two locations. Univariate and multivariate ( binary logistic regression ) analyses were undertaken to identify in! Monitoring the UN Convention on the Rights of persons with disability among participants between... Progress toward a thesis about person with disability in the philippines estimate of results and drafting the initial version of the literature 1986–2006. Provided with appropriate referrals employment of PWDs still needs improvement Studies thesis about person with disability in the philippines Papers on Academia.edu for free was carried a! 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